Behave: The Biology of Humans at Our Best and Worst
A New York Times Bestseller.
"It's no exaggeration to say that Behave is one of the best nonfiction books I've ever read." -- David P. Barash, The Wall Street Journal
"A quirky, opinionated and magisterial synthesis of psychology and neurobiology...Darwin would have been thrilled." - Richard Wrangham, The New York Times Book Review
From the celebrated neurobiologist and primatologist, a landmark, genre-defining examination of human behavior, both good and bad, and an answer to the question: Why do we do the things we do?
Sapolsky's storytelling concept is delightful but it also has a powerful intrinsic logic: he starts by looking at the factors that bear on a person's reaction in the precise moment a behavior occurs, and then hops back in time from there, in stages, ultimately ending up at the deep history of our species and its evolutionary legacy.
And so the first category of explanation is the neurobiological one. A behavior occurs--whether an example of humans at our best, worst, or somewhere in between. What went on in a person's brain a second before the behavior happened? Then Sapolsky pulls out to a slightly larger field of vision, a little earlier in time: What sight, sound, or smell caused the nervous system to produce that behavior? And then, what hormones acted hours to days earlier to change how responsive that individual is to the stimuli that triggered the nervous system? By now he has increased our field of vision so that we are thinking about neurobiology and the sensory world of our environment and endocrinology in trying to explain what happened.
Sapolsky keeps going: How was that behavior influenced by structural changes in the nervous system over the preceding months, by that person's adolescence, childhood, fetal life, and then back to his or her genetic makeup? Finally, he expands the view to encompass factors larger than one individual. How did culture shape that individual's group, what ecological factors millennia old formed that culture? And on and on, back to evolutionary factors millions of years old.
The result is one of the most dazzling tours d'horizon of the science of human behavior ever attempted, a majestic synthesis that harvests cutting-edge research across a range of disciplines to provide a subtle and nuanced perspective on why we ultimately do the things we do...for good and for ill. Sapolsky builds on this understanding to wrestle with some of our deepest and thorniest questions relating to tribalism and xenophobia, hierarchy and competition, morality and free will, and war and peace. Wise, humane, often very funny, Behave is a towering achievement, powerfully humanizing, and downright heroic in its own right.
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Behave: The Biology of Humans at Our Best and WorstUser Review - Wade M. Lee - Book Verdict
Sapolsky (biology, neurology & neurological sciences, & neurosurgery, Stanford Univ.; A Primate's Memoir) takes a far-reaching look at the biological underpinnings of violence and related human ... Read full review
One THE BE HAVIOR
Two ONE SECOND BEFORE
Three SECONDS TO MINUTES BEFORE
Four HOURS TO DAYS BEFORE
Five DAYS TO MONTHS BEFORE 37
Six ADOLESCENCE OR DUDE WHERES
Seven BACK TO THE CRIB BACK TO THE WOMB
Twelve HIERARCHY OBEDIENCE AND RESISTANCE
Thirteen MORALITY AND DOING THE RIGHT THING
Fourteen FEELING SOMEONES PAIN UNDERSTANDING
Fifteen METAPHORS WE KILL BY
Sixteen BIOLOGY THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
Seventeen WAR AND PEACE
Eight BACK TO WHEN YOU WERE JUST
Nine CENTURIES TO MILLENNIA BEFORE
Ten THE EVOLUTION OF Beh AVIOR
Eleven US VERSUS THEM
The Basics of Endocrinology
Glossary of Abbreviations